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Uses of certificates

Fuel Mix Disclosure

European Internal Markets Electricity (IEM) Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (and its predecessors 1996/92/EC and 2003/54/EC) liberalises the electricity market across the member states of the EU, creating a framework for a common market for electricity.

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Public support

Certificates can be used to support feed-in or purchase obligations, and portfolio standards or quotas.

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